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Avocado

Nutrition data (3.5 oz/100 g)

Proteins0.07 oz/2 g
Fats0.52 oz/14.66 g
Carbohydrates0.3 oz/8.53 g
Energy160 kcal

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You may be surprised to discover that avocado is not a vegetable, it is a fruit, since avocado grows on a tree. Avocado originated from South America where it has been revered since the time of ancient Aztecs.

Every year avocado gets more and more popular all over the world. Today it is not a big problem to buy avocados in most of countries. And it is great as avocado is just indispensable for those who aspire to a healthy lifestyle.

Cooking

Avocado for vegetarians is exceptionally valuable as it contains lots of protein and is a perfect alternative to meat and eggs.

Avocado is commonly used for eating in its raw state. The thing is that its pulp gets bitter taste while cooking. Avocados are good for salads, appetizers, seasonings, sandwiches, and even desserts. In some countries avocado is used as a base for an ice-cream.

It should be noted that peeled avocado flesh turns unpleasantly brown as a result of oxidation. Lemon juice helps to prevent pulp from changing its color.

Health benefits of avocado

Avocado is extremely healthy, American nutritionists included it to the list of the top ten healthiest foods in the world.

In spite of highly fat content avocado is a dietary food indeed. The point is that avocados contain unusual monounsaturated fats which significantly lower the level of blood cholesterol. Besides, avocado itself is free from cholesterol and unhealthy trans-fats. Eating avocado is undoubtedly helps to keep heart strong and healthy and reduces the risks of heart diseases.

Avocado is an excellent source of minerals such as potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, magnesium, copper, iron and others. Potassium helps to normalize blood pressure, contributes to heart health, increases stress tolerance.

Folic acid which is responsible for creation of new cells makes avocado one of the healthiest product for pregnant women. Regular consumption of avocado during pregnancy period reduces the risks of child congenital anomalies.

Avocados supply a variety of essential vitamins (A, B group, C, D, E, K, P). It is an absolute leader among fruits and vegetable in E vitamin content which provides cells with oxygen and protects them from aging. That is the reason why avocado is widely used in cosmetics production.

Please be aware that avocado seed is highly toxic and should not be eaten, as it causes allergy reaction and digestion problems.

How to choose an avocado

Ripe avocado cut in half with a pit

Ripe avocados are quite soft and yield to gentle pressure. If the fruit is too soft and flabby, it has probably got spoiled. The peel of fresh fruit should be green and without cracks.

If you bought too firm avocado, do not worry, it will be soft and ripe in few days. Give it time, and do not store unripe avocados in a fridge. Avocados will ripen faster if you put it to a paper bag along with banana or apple.

Interesting facts

In 1998 avocado was introduced into the book of Guinness records as the most nutritious product on earth.

Avocado tree bears up to 500 fruits annually.

In XVI-XVII centuries avocado was a popular wedding gift in Colombia.

Avocado: recipes

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